One of the older posts on this site shows how to resample MP3 files on Linux with LAME. One of the problems with that process is that the MP3 tags are not maintained when resampling, so I had to work around the issue by copying certain tags from the original files to the new files. As it turns out, there's a way to use the GStreamer framework to resample audio files and maintain the tags. In this post I'll show the commands you can use to resample audio files to both constant bitrate and variable bitrate MP3's.
The following examples show how to resample MP3 files, but the decodebin2 plugin automatically figures how to decode any type of stream that GStreamer can handle, so these examples will also work to convert audio files from other formats to MP3.
Resample MP3: CBR
This first example shows how to read an MP3 encoded at 320 kbps and resample it to a constant bitrate of 128 kbps.
Resample MP3: VBR
The second example shows how to read an MP3 encoded at 320 kbps and resample it to a variable bitrate with a quality setting of 9. Valid values for quality are 0-9.999 with 0 being the best.